Ichthyofauna species diversity of Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India Case study: Jakhau and Mandvi coast

Azaz A. SIDAT, Prajokta MUKHERJI, Tejaswita TRIVEDI, Pradeep C. MANKODI

Abstract

A checklist of marine fishes from the coastal areas of Jakhau and Mandvi, Gulf of Kachchh, west coast of Gujarat, India, was compiled through the fish collection from December 2013 to March 2015. On examination, a total of 20 orders, 47 families and 96 species were recorded. Of these four species were recorded from class Elasmobranchii and 92 species from class Actinopterygii. The Family Carangidae showed species dominance with 10 individuals, while the order Eupercaria is dominated with 18 numbers of species. The checklist contains 10 Not evaluated species, 6 Data deficient species, 68 Least concern species, 5 near-threatened species, 4 Vulnerable, 2 Endangered, and 1 Critically endangered species as per IUCN red list records. Of the total 96 species, the Jakhau sampling site reported 74 species; Mandvi sampling site reported 77 species, while 54 species were reported common from both the sites. Deveximentum indicium (Monkolprasit, 1973) was reported for the first time from Jakhau sampling station of Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat. Further research is needed for better understanding and conservation of such species. The detailed study of fish habitats in the Kachchh Gulf will provide an insight into diversity and exposures to habitat destruction.

Keywords

Ichthyofauna, Species diversity, Gulf of Kachchh, India.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abraham, M.; Mahendra, R.S.; Mandla, V.R.; Merugu, C.S. & Peddinti, V.S. 2020. Geospatial-based Coastal risk assessment of Gujarat coastline. In: Saride, S.; Umashankar, B. & Avirneni. D. Lecture notes in Civil Engineering in Advances in Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering, Vol. 71. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd., Singapore. pp. 50-66.

Brahmane, V.T.; Temkar, G.S.; Metar, S.Y.; Sikotaria, K.M., & Desai, A.Y. 2014. Ichthyofounal diversity in the vicinity of marine protected areas, Jamnagar, Gulf of Kachchh, India. Asian Journal of Advanced Basic Science 3: 78–88.

Day, F. 1888. The Fishes of India; Being a Natural history of the Fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. Vol I-II, Williams and Norgate, London, United Kingdom.

Ehrlich, P.R. & Wilson, E.O. 1991. Biodiversity studies: Science and policy. Science 253: 758-762.

Fricke, R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. & Van der Laan, R. 2021. Eschmeyer's catalog of fishes: Genera, species, references. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/re search/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version (accessed April 28 2021).

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2021. FishBase. http://www.fishbase.de (accessed April 28 2021).

Gopalakrishnan, A. 2017. Annual report 2016-17. Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, India.

Gopi, K.C. & Mishra, S.S. 2015. Diversity of Marine Fish of India. In: Venkataraman, K. & Sivaperuman, C. Marine Faunal Diversity in India: Taxonomy Ecology and Conservation. Chapter 12. Academic press, USA. pp. 171-193.

IUCN 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-11. http://www.iucnredlist.org (accessed April 28 2021).

Jhingran, V.G. 1991. Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan publishing Co. New Delhi, 727.

Joshi, A.; Parmar, E.A.R.; Temkar, G.S.; Desai, A.Y. & Bhatt, A.J. 2018. Ichthyofaunal biodiversity of Kharakuva Fish Market, Veraval, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management 9: 596-605.

Kadharsha, K.; Khan, S.A.; Lyla, S.; Mohanchander, P. & John, A. 2018. Checklist for commercially important food fishes of parangipettai southeast coast of India. Journal CleanWAS 1: 16-19.

Katira, N. & Kardani, H. 2017. Ichthyofaunal Diversity of Sikka Coast, Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat. Lambert Academic Publication, Republic of Moldova.

Letourneur, Y.; Chabanet, P.; Durville, P.; Taquet, M.; Teissier, E.; Parmentier, M.; Quéro, J.C. & Pothin, K. 2004. An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, South-western Indian Ocean. Cybium 28: 199-216.

Parmar, H.; Barad, D. & Parasharya, D. 2015. Reef dependent ichthyofauna of the Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, Western India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2: 33-37.

Ramamoorthy, K.; Sankar, G. & Sakkaravarthi, K. 2012. Assessment of reef associated biota in the Pirotan Island, Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India. European Journal of Experimmental Biology 2: 551-561.

Sidat, A.; Mankodi, P. & Sarma K. 2021. New distributional record of deep pug-nose ponyfish, Secutor Indicius (Monkolprasit, 1973) (Perciformes: Leiognathidae) from Jakhau coast, Gujarat. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries 25: 899-907.

Sluka, R.D. 2013. Coastal marine fish biodiversity along the western coast of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5: 3574-3579.

Talwar, P.K. & Kacker, R. 1984. Commercial Sea Fishies of India. Zoological Survey of India, India.

Refbacks