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Electronic waste is one of the fastest spreading pollution worldwide due to the presence of a variety of toxic substances that can pollute the environment and threaten human health, if disposal protocols are not carefully managed. The current study was conducted in Thi-Qar Governorate, which included collecting blood samples from Electronic maintenance workers. A group of 100 workers ranging from 18 to 65 years old were selected, and the other study group included 50 persons who did not work in electronic maintenance. The daily working time of the studied group was 6-9 hours for a period of 1-30 years. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of some trace elements on the level of gene expression of the ATF3 gene in electronic waste workers, and their effect on the blood sugar levels. Based on the results, there was a rise in the concentration of blood sugar and a decrease in the level of iron concentration in workers. The study also showed an increase in the level of ATF3 expression in e-waste workers.


Pollution ATF3 gene Iron E-waste.

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How to Cite
MUTTAIR, R. Y., & ENAYAH, S. H. (2021). Genotoxic effects and serum abnormalities in e-waste workers in Iraq. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 8, 369–375.


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