New records of Syngnathiform fishes (Teleostei: Syngnathiformes) from the Hadhramout coast, Gulf of Aden, Yemen

Attaala Muhaysin ALI, ​Motae Sheikh AIDEED, Mohammed Awadh ALGURABI

Abstract

Since the taxonomic work of A. Druzhinin in 1973, the number of valid fish species in the southern coast of the Gulf of Aden remained almost unchanged, mainly due to lack of firmness and consistency in the conduct of scientific research. In order to confirm the scientific nomenclature of local fish, we conducted field follow-ups at landing and marketing sites throughout the Hadhramout coast, the Gulf of Aden. A review of all the previous studies and publications shows that some fish species have not been reported from the Gulf of Aden Gulf. Among these species, we collected three syngnathiform fishes including Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker, 1857) and Hippocampus kelloggi Jordan & Snyder, 1901 from the family Syngnathidae, and Aeoliscus punctulatus (Bianconi, 1854) from the family Centriscidae. Here, we describe the detailed characteristics of these fishes, which are new records for the coast of Hadhramout, Gulf of Aden.

Keywords

Ichthyodiversity, Syngnathidae, Centriscidae, Seahorses, Pipefishes.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Balasubramanian, R. 2015. Morphometric and meristic characters of seahorse, Hippocampus kelloggi (Jordan and Snyder, 1902) in Cuddulore, southeast coast of India. Indian Journal of Economics and Development 3(9): 35-41.

Bogorodsky, S.V.; Alpermann, T.J.; Mal, A.O. & Gabr, M.H. 2014. Survey of demersal fishes from southern Saudi Arabia, with five new records for the Red Sea. Zootaxa 3852 (4): 401-437.

Carpenter, K.; Harrison, P.; Hodgson, G.; Alsaffar, A. & Alhazeem, S. 1997. The Corals and Coral Reef Fishes of Kuwait. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Kuwait.

Choo, C.K. & Liew, H.C. 2003. Spatial distribution, substrate assemblages and size composition of sea horses (Family Syngnathidae) in the coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83(2): 271-276.

Dawson C.E. 1986. Syngnathidae. In: Whitehead P.J.P., Bauchot M.L., Hureau J.C., Nielson J. & Tortonese E. (eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume II. UNESCO, Paris. Pp. 628-639.

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes: Red Sea to the Americas. The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA.

Dor, M. 1984. CLOFRES: Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. The Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Jerusalem, 437 p.

Druzhinin, A. 1973. Fishery resources of the Gulf of Aden and some adjacent areas. FAO/UN Report for the Fishery development in the Gulf of Aden Project, DP9/12 PDY 64/501/7. 229 p.

Eagderi, S.; Fricke, R.; Esmaeili, H.R. & Jalili, P. 2019. Annotated checklist of the fishes of the Persian Gulf: Diversity and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 6: 1-171

Foster, S.J. & Vincent, A.C.J. 2004. Life history and ecology of seahorses: Implications for conservation and management. Journal of Fish Biology 65(1): 1-61.

Fricke, R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. & Van der Laan R. 2020. Eschmeyer’s Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org /research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. (accessed 9 August 2020).

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2020. FishBase. Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker, 1857). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=218045 on 2019-8-21.

GBIF Secretariat. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-01-12.

Golani, D. & Bogorodsky, S.V. 2010. The fishes of the Red Sea - reappraisal and updated checklist. Zootaxa 2463:1-135.

Harasti, D. 2017. Southwards range extension of the great seahorse Hippocampus kelloggi in Australia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 33(9): 1-3.

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives: A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK. 859 p.

Kuiter, R.H. 2001. Revision of the Australian seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae) with descriptions of nine new species. Records of the Australian Museum 53(3): 293-340.

Lipton, A.P. & Thangaraj, M. 2013. Distribution pattern of seahorse species (Genus: Hippocampus) in Tamilnadu and Kerala coasts of India. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 5: 20-24.

Lourie, S. 2016. Seahorses: A Life-size Guide to Every Species. Ivy Press.

Lourie, S.A. 2003. Measuring seahorses. Technical Report Series 4: 15

Lourie, S.A.; Foster, S.J.; Cooper, E.W. & Vincent, A.C. 2004. A Guide to the Identification of Seahorses. Project Seahorse and TRAFFIC North America. 114 p.

Lourie, S.A.; Vincent, A.C.J. & Hall, H.J. 1999. Seahorses: An Identification Guide to the World’s Species and their Conservation. Project Seahorse, London.

Ali, A.M. & Bazar S.R. 2016. First observations on phytoplankton and chlorophyll ecology in the coast of Hadhramout, Gulf of Aden. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 4(2): 191-202.

Pollom, R. 2017. Hippocampus kelloggi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T41010A54908593.

Project Seahorse. 2002. Hippocampus subelongatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2002: e.T40773A10352905.

Randall, J.E. 1995. Coastal Fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p.

Shapawi, R.; Anyie, A.L.; Hussien, M.A. & Zuldin, W.H. 2015. Species and Size Composition of Seahorses (genus Hippocampus, family Syngnathidae) in the coastal waters and local market of Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research 26(2): 1-13.

Wibowo, K.; Tashiro, S., & Motomura, H. 2017. Seahorses of the genus Hippocampus (Syngnathidae) from Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan, with a new record of H. mohnikei Bleeker, 1853. Nature of Kagoshima 43: 71-76.

Zajonz, U.; Lavergne, E.; Bogorodsky, S.V., Saeed, F.N.; Aideed, M.S. & Krupp, F. 2019. Coastal fish diversity of the Socotra Archipelago, Yemen. Zootaxa 4636(1): 1-108.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.