Microscopic structure of the olfactory mucosa of onespot barb, Puntius terio (Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae)

Saroj Kumar GHOSH

Abstract

Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to portray the cellular constituents lining the olfactory epithelium of teri barb, Puntius terio (Hamilton, 1822) (Cyprinidae: Smiliogastrinae). The olfactory organ holded 16 pairs of lamellae emitted from central raphe, consummate an oviform rosette. The multilamellar olfactory rosette was distinctively placed on the ground of nasal cavity and differentiated by specialized sensory and non-sensory territory. Sensory epithelium covered apical part and linguiform process of lamella while rest part is disguised by non-sensory epithelium. The sensory epithelium had two specific forms: ciliated receptor cells and microvillous receptor cells categorized by staining magnitude, texture and surface morphology. In divergence, the nonsensory epithelium was made up of stratified epithelial cells with microridges, cluster of ciliated non-sensory cells and secretory mucous cells. Basal cells were buried in the mucosa, presumed to be the progenitor of sensory or other supporting cells. Functional implication of cellular components on the olfactory lining was argued with feeding habits and behaviour of fish interested.

Keywords

Olfactory organ, Surface feature, Histoarchitecture, Chemical senses.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agorreta, A.; San Mauro, D.; Schliewen, U.; Van Tassell, J.L.; Kovačić, M.; Zardoya, R. & Rüber, L. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics of Gobioidei and phylogenetic placement of European gobies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69(3): 619-633.

Bhute, Y.V. & Baile, V.V. 2007. Organization of the olfactory system of the Indian major carp Labeo rohita (Ham.): a scanning and transmission electron microscopy study. Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology 43: 342-349.

Chakrabarti, P. & Ghosh, S.K. 2010. Histoarchitecture and scanning electron microscopic studies of the olfactory epithelium in the exotic fish Puntius javanicus (Bleeker). Archieves of Polish Fisheries 18: 173-177.

Cohen, A.; Marlow, D. & Garner, G. 1968. A rapid critical point method using fluorocarbon ("freons") as intermediate and transitional fluids. Journal of Microscopy 7: 331-342.

Dymek, J.; Rosenqwist, G.; Kuciel, M.; Lauriano, E.R.; Capillo, G.; Zaccone, G. & Żuwała, K. 2020. Micro‐ and macro‐morphology of the olfactory organ of Syngnathus typhle (Syngnathidae, Actinopterygii). Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 134(1): 31-39.

Fischer, A.H.; Jacobson, K.A.; Rose, J. & Zeller, R. 2008. Hematoxylin and eosin staining of tissue and cell sections. Cold Spring Harbours Protocols 3: 1-3.

Ghosh, S.K. 2019. Histology and surface morphology of the olfactory epithelium in freshwater teleost, Clupisoma garua (Hamilton, 1822). Fisheries & Aquatic Life 27: 122-129.

Ghosh, S.K. & Chakrabarti, P. 2010. Histological and scanning electron microscopic organization and functional aspects of the surface olfactory epithelium of the freshwater minor carp, Puntius sophore (Hamilton). Proceedings of the Zoological Society 63: 115-119.

Ghosh, S.K. & Chakrabarti, P. 2014. Structural characterization of the olfactory epithelium of freshwater olive barb, Puntius sarana (Hamilton, 1822). International Journal of Aquatic Biology 2: 147-154.

Ghosh, S.K.; Pan, B. & Chakrabarti, P. 2015. Histoarchitectural and surface ultrastructural analysis of the olfactory epithelium of Puntius ticto (Hamilton, 1822). International Journal of Aquatic Biology 3: 236-244.

Hamdani. E.H. & Døving, K.B. 2007. The functional organization of the fish olfactory system. Progress in Neurobiology 82: 80-86.

Hansen, A. & Zeiske, E. 1998. The peripheral olfactory organ of the zebrafish, Danio rerio: an ultrastructural study. Chemical Senses 23: 39-48.

Hansen, A. & Reutter, K. 2004. Chemosensory systems in fish: structural, functional and ecological aspects. In: von der Emde, G.; Mogdans, J. & Kapoor, B.G. (eds.), The Senses of Fish, Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 55-89.

Hara, T.J. 2000. Chemoreception. In: Ostrander, G.K. (eds.), The Laboratory Fish, Academic press, London. pp. 471-479.

Hernádi. L. 1993. Fine structural characterization of the olfactory epithelium and its response to divalent cations Cd2+ in the fish Alburnus alburnus (Teleostei, Cyprinidae): a scanning and transmission electron microscopic study. Neurobiology 1: 11-31.

Kim, H.T.; Lee, Y.J.; Kim, H.S. & Park, J.Y. 2018. Structure and histological characters of the olfactory organ in Korean endemic fish, Microphysogobio yaluensis (Cypriniformes, Cyprinidae). Korean Journal of Ichthyology 30: 161-166.

Kuciel, M.; Żuwala, K. & Jakubowski, M. 2011. A new type of fish olfactory organ structure in Periophthalmus barbarous (Oxudercinae). Acta Zoologica 92: 276-280.

Mallory, F.B. 1936. The aniline blue collagen stain. Stain Technology 11: 101.

Masram, S.C. & Baile, V.V. 2014. Ultrastructure of the olfactory organ in the striped snakehead Ophiocephalus striatus (Bloch). International Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 5: 955-964.

Meredith, T.L.; Caprio, J. & Kajiura, S.M. 2012. Sensitivity and specificity of the olfactory epithelia of two elasmobranch species to bile salts. The Journal of Experimental Biology 215: 2660-2667.

Mokhtar D.M. & Abd-Elhafeez, H.H. 2014. Light-and electron-microscopic studies of the olfactory organ of red-tail shark, Epalzeorhynchos bicolor (teleostei: cyprinidae). Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure 2: 182-195.

Muller, J.F. & Marc, R.E. 1984. Three distinct morphological classes of receptors in fish olfactory organs. Journal of Comparative Neurology 222: 482-495.

Pashchenko, N.I. & Kasumyan, A.O. 2015. Scanning electron microscopy of development of the olfactory organ in ontogeny of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Journal of Ichthyology 55: 880-899.

Pethiyagoda, R.; Meegaskumbura, M. & Maduwage, K. 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 23: 69-95.

Gerard, P. 1954. Organe olfactif. Traite de Zoologie 12: 522-533.

Rana, A.K.; Ojha, J. & Datta Munshi, J.S. 1978. Morphometrics of the olfactory rosette in relation to body weight in a fresh water murrel Channa punctatus (Bloch). Archives of Biology 89: 403-417.

Teichmann, H. 1954. Vergleichende Untersuchungen an der Nase der Fische. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 43: 171-212.

Theisen, B. 1972. Ultrstructure of the olfactory epithelium in the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 53: 205-218.

Waryani, B.; Zhao, Y.; Zhang, C.; Dai, R. & Abbasi, A.R. 2013. Anatomical studies of the olfactory epithelium of two cave fishes Sinocyclocheilus jii and S. furcodorsalis (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from China. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 45: 1091-1101.

Yamamoto, M. & Ueda, K. 1978. Comparative morphology of fish olfactory epithelium-III. Cypriniformes. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries 44: 1201-1206.

Zeiske, E.; Theisen, B. & Breucker, H., 1992. Structure, Development and Evolutionary Aspects of the Peripheral Olfactory System. In: T.J. Hara (eds.), Fish Chemoreception, Chapmann and Hall, London. pp: 13-39.

Zeni, C. & Stagni, A. 2002. Changes in the olfactory mucosa of the black bullhead Ictalurus melas induced by exposure to sublethal concentrations of sodium dodecylbenzene sulphonate. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 51: 37-47.

Zippel, H.P.; Sorensen, P.W. & Hansen, A. 1997. High correlation between microvillous olfactory receptor cell abundance and sensitivity to pheromones in olfactory nerve-sectioned goldfish. Journal of Comparative Physiology 180: 39-52.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.