Some biological characteristics of Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) in the Azad dam Lake in Western Iran

Hasan FAZLI, Gholamreza DARYANABARD, Aliasghar JANBAZ, Rahman MIRZAEI, Hamid HOSSEINPOUR, Nazir VAHEDI

Abstract

The freshwater Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782) is a cyprinid, known as a hazardous species for native fish communities. In the present study, some population parameters, including length-weight relationship (LWR), condition factor (KF), relation condition factor (Kn), age and growth of C. gibelio in the Azad dam, Kordestan Province, Iran were estimated. The LWR indicating a positive allometric growth pattern. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were estimated as L=337mm, K=0.255 yr-1, t0=-0.21 yr. There was a significantly positive correlation between TL and KF (r2=0.89). The average of Kn was lower than 1 which suggested that the well-being of the fish was not good in the Azad dam region.

Keywords

Growth parameters, LWR, Condition factor, Gold fish, Invasive species.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-Noor, S. 2010. Population Status of Gold Fish Carassius auratus in Restored East Hammar Marsh, Southern Iraq. JKAU: Marine Science 21(1): 65-83.

Bagenal, T. B. & Tesch, F.W. 1978. Age and growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in freshwaters. 3rd edn. T. Bagenal (Ed.). IBP Handbook No. 3. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK. pp. 101-136.

Bagheri, T.; Abdoli, A. & Hedayati, S.A.A. 2010. Study of age and growth of crucian carp (Carassius auratus) in Gorganroud estuarine. Iranian Journal of Biology 23 (6): 843-849. (In Farsi)

Bautista, J.J.; Romero, S.S.; Gonzalez-Pelaez, L.; Campos-Davila, D.B. & Lluch-Cota, J. 2012. Length–weight relationships of wild fish captured at the mouth of Rio Verde, Oaxaca, Mexico and connected lagoons (Miniyua, El Espejo, Chacahua and Pastoria). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 28: 269–271.

Birecikligil, S.S.; Cicek, E.; Ozturk, S.; Secer, B. & Celepoglu, Y. 2016. Length-length, length-weight relationship and condition factor of fishes in Nevşehir Province, Kızılırmak River Basin (Turkey). Acta Biological Turcica 29(3): 72-77.

Blackwell, B.G.; Brown, M.L. & Willis, D.W. 2000. Relative Weight (Wr) Status and Current Use in Fisheries Assessment and Management. Review Fisheries Science 8: 1-44.

Crivelli A.J. 1995. Are fish introductions a threat to endemic freshwater fishes in the northern Mediterranean Region. Biological Conservation 72: 311-319.

Esmaeili, H.R.; Mehraban, H.; Abbasi, K.; Keivany, Y. & Coad, B. 2017. Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 4 (Suppl. 1): 1-114.

Esmaeili, H.R.; Teimory, A.; Owfi, F.; Abbasi, K. & Coad B.W. 2014. Alien and invasive freshwater fish species in Iran: Diversity, environmental impacts and management. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 1(2): 62-72.

Froese, R. 2006. Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22: 241-253.

George, J.P.; Sharma, A.K.; Venkateshvaran, K.; Sinha, P.S.R.K.; Venugopal, G. & Biradar, R.S. 1985. Length- weight relationship and relative condition factor in Cirrhinus mrigala and Labeo rohita from a sewage fed tank. The Annals of Zoology 23: 70-90.

Helfman, G.S.; Collette, B.B. & Facey, D.E. 1997. The Diversity of Fishes. Blackwell Science.

Holmgren, K. & Appelberg, M. 2001. Effects of environmental factors on size-related growth efficiency of perch, Perca fluviatilis. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 10: 247-256.

Kolmakov V.I. & Gladyshev M.I. 2003. Growth and potential photosynthesis of cyanobacteria are stimulated by viable gut passage in crucian carp. Aquatic Ecology 37: 237-242.

Kottelat, M. & Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland and Freyhof. Berlin. Germany.

Lelek, A. 1987. The freshwater fishes of Europe. Threatened fishes of Europe. AULA-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Lorenzoni, M.; Ghetti, L.; Pedichillo, G. & Carosi, A. 2010. Analysis of the biological features of the goldfish Carassius auratus auratus in Lake Trasimeno (Umbria, Italy) with a view to drawing up plans for population control. Folia Zoologica-Praha 59(2): 142-156.

Mack R.N.; Simberloff D.; Lonsdale W.M.; Evans H.; Clout M. & Bazzaz F.A. 2000. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecological Applications 10: 689-710.

Mildenberger, T.K.; Taylor, M.H. & Wolff, M. 2017. TropFishR: Tropical Fisheries Analysis with R_. R package version 1.2, .

Nico, L. & P. J. Schofield. 2006. Carassius auratus. USGS Non-indigenous Aquatic Species Database, Gainesville, FL.

Patimar, R. 2009. Some biological parameters of Silver Crucian carp, Carassius auratus, in the international wetlands of Alma-Gol and Ala-Gol (Golestan Province, Iran). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 8(2): 163-174.

Pauly, D. 1983. Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 234 p.

Pauly, D. 1984. Fish population dynamics in tropical waters: A manual for use with

programmable calculators. ICLARM, Manila.

Von Bertalanffy, L. 1938. A quantitative theory of organic growth. Human Biology 10: 181-243.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.