Age and growth of brond-snout, Chondrostoma regium in Beheshtabad River of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province of Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae)

Yazdan KEIVANY, Samaneh Sadat MORTAZAVI, Omidvar FARHADIAN

Abstract

The age and growth parameters of the brond-snout, Chondrostoma regium in Beheshtabad River of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province were investigated during April 2013 to April 2014. The males ranged between 8.04-22.10cm and 5.20-105.00g. The females ranged between 7.84-23.15cm and 8.70-155.00g. Males were categorized in age classes 1+-5+ and females in age classes 1+-6+. The age class 3+ was the dominant one in the whole samples. The length-weight relationship for males, females and all individuals was as W=0.0089L3.045 (r2=0.95), W=0.0082L3.109 (r2=0.85) and W=0.0107L3.000 (r2=0.92), respectively, indicating a positive allometric growth pattern for the females and an isometric growth for the males and all fish. The age-length and age-weight relationships in males and females were estimated as Lt=26.23[1-e-0.267(t+0.483)], Wt=160.77[1-e-0.267(t+0.483)]3.045 and Lt=31.89[1-e-0.148(t+2.067)], Wt=266.11[1-e-0.148(t+2.067)]3.109, respectively. The growth performance index (Ф') value was 3.84 in males and 2.18 in females, indicating a faster growth rate in males. The mean condition factor was 1.02±0.01 for males and 1.14±0.02 for females. The relative length of gut was 1.18±0.05 for all fish, indicating a herbivorous habit for this fish. The highest mean feeding intensity of males was in July and the lowest in March and April. In the female, the highest was in January and the lowest in June. The highest mean value of Gut vacuity index of males and females was in the spring and the lowest in summer. About 55% of the studied stomachs were full. The highest number of empty stomachs was in May (80%) and the lowest in July (32%). Based on the mean Gut vacuity index (48%), this fish is considered a medium feeding fish (40<VI<60).

Keywords

Age-Length, Age-Weight, Cyprinidae, Length-Weight relationship.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Al-Hussaini, A.H. 1949. On the functional morphology of the alimentary tract of some fish in relation to difference in their feeding habits: Anatomy and histology. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 90: 109-139.

Biswas, S.P. 1993. Manual of Methods in Fish Biology. South Asian publishers Dvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India. 157 p.

Desai, V.R. 1970. Studies on the fisheries and biology of Tor tor (Ham.) from river Narmada. I. Food and feeding habits. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India 2: 101-112.

Ergüden, S.A.; Goksu, M.Z.L. & Avsar, D. 2010. Seyhan Baraj Golu’ndeki (Adana) Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un Buyume Ozellikleri. Journal of Fishery Science 4: 391-399.

Esmaeili, H.R.; Coad, B.W.; Mehraban, H.R.; Masoudi, M.; Khaefi, R.; Abbasi, K.; Mostafavi, H. & Vatandoust, S. 2014. An updated checklist of fishes of the Caspian Sea basin of Iran with a note on their zoogeography. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 1: 152-184.

Esmaeili, H.R.; Mehraban, H.; Abbasi, K.; Keivany, Y. & Coad, B. 2017. Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 4(Suppl. 1): 1-114.

Euzen, O. 1987. Food habits and diet composition of some fish of Kuwait. Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 9: 65-85.‏

Jouladeh-Roudbar, A.; Esmaeili, H.R.; Gholamifard, A.; Zamanian, R. & Vatandoust, S. 2015. Geographic distribution of the genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 2(2): 71-78.

Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2016. FishBase. www.fishbase.org.

Ghanbarzadeh, M.; Soofiani, N.M.; Keivany, Y. & Taghavi-Motlagh, S.A. 2014: Use of otolith length and weight in age estimations of the kingsoldier bream, Argyrops spinifer, in the Persian Gulf. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 1(1): 1-6.

Gumus, A.; Yilmaz, M. & Polat, N. 2002: Relative importance of food items in feeding of Chondrostoma regium Heckel, 1843, and its relation with the time of annulus formation. Turkish Journal of Zoology 26: 271-278.

Hasankhani, H.; Keivany, Y.; Raeisi, H.; Pouladi, M. & Soofiani, N.M. 2013. Length-weight relationships of three cyprinid fishes from Sirwan River, Kurdistan and Kermanshah provinces in western Iran. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 29(5): 1170-1171.

Hasankhani, M.; Keivany, Y.; Raeisi, H.; Pouladi, M. & Soofiani, N.M. 2014. Length–weight and length–length relationships of four species (Barbus lacerta, Pseudorasbora parva, Squalius lepidus and Oxynoemacheilus angorae) from the Sirwan River, western Iran. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30(1): 206-207.

Hile, R. 1936. Age and growth of the cisco, Leucichthys artedi (Lesueur) in the lake of Northeastern highlands Wisconsin. Bulletin of United States Bureau of Fisheries 48: 211-317.

Kalkan, E. & Erdemli, A. 2003. Karakaya Baraj Golu (Malatya)’nde Yasayan Chondrostoma regium Heckel, 1843’un Buyume ve Ureme Ozellikleri. XII. Ulusal Su Urunleri Sempozyumu, Elazıg, Turkey., pp:135-142.

Kara, C. & Solak, K. 2004. Some Biological Properties of Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) Inhabiting Sır Dam Lake (Kahramanmaras). Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Journal of Science & Engineering 7(2): 13-19.

Keivany, Y. & Soofiani, N. 2004. Contribution to the biology of Zagros tooth-carp, Aphanius vladykovi (Cyprinodontidae) in central Iran. Environmental Biology of Fishes 71: 165-169.

Keivany, Y.; Zare, P. & Kalteh, L. 2012. Age, Growth and Reproduction of the Female Kutum, Rutilus kutum (Kamensky, 1901) (Teleostei: Cyprinidae), in Gorgan-Rud Estuary, Northern Iran. Research in Zoology 2(3): 7-14.

Keivany, Y.; Nasri, M.; Abbasi, K.; Abdoli, A. 2016. Atlas of inland water fishes of Iran. Iran Department of Environment Press. 218 p.

Keivany, Y.; Mortazavi, S.S. & Farhadian, O. 2017. Reproduction of King Nase (Chondrostoma regium) in Beheshtabad River of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari. Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal: Submitted.

Khalaf, A.; Al-Jafery, A.; Allouse, S. & Sadek, S. 1986. Observations on the age and growth of Chondrostoma regius (Heckel) in Diyala River. Research Journal of Biological Sciences 17(2): 83-98.

Kiani, F.; Keivany, Y.; Paykan-Heyrati, F. & Farhadian, O. 2016. Age and growth of king nase, Condrostoma regium (Cyprinidae), from Bibi-Sayyedan River of Semirom, Isfahan, Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 15(3): 1214-1223.

Kiani, F.; Keivany, Y.; Paykan-Heyrati, F. & Farhadian, O. 2017. Reproductive biology and histology of king nase, Condrostoma regium from Bibi-Sayyedan River of Semirom, Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Fisheries: Submitted.

Mahboobi-Soofiani, N.; Pooramini, M.; Asadollah Nasrabadi, S.; Ahmadi, S. & Hatami, R. 2014. Age, growth and reproduction of Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) from the Zayandeh Roud River, Iran. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences 13(4) 810-822

Nikolsky, G.V. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes (L. Birkett, Trans.). Academic Press, London. 352 p.

Noltie, D.B. 1988. Comparative growth and condition of northern stream-dwelling rock bass, Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque). Hydrobiology 160: 199-206.

Oymak, S.A. 2000. Ataturk Baraj Golu’nde Yasayan Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un Buyume Ozellikleri. Turkish Journal of Zoology 24: 41-50.

Özcan, G. 1987. Age and growth of Chondrostoma meandrense in Kemer Reservoir. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterran Environment 17(1): 67- 77.

Özdemir, N. 1982. Fırat Nehrinde Bulunan Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un Uzunluk Agirlık Iliskisi ve Kondusyon Faktoru Uzerine Bir Arastırma. Fırat Universitesi Fen Fakultesi Dergisi 1(1): 22-26.

Pauly, D. & Munro, J. 1984. Once more on the comparison of growth in fish and invertebrates. Fishbyte 2(1): 85-98.

Pauly, O. 1984. Fish Population Dynamics in Tropical Waters: a Manual for Use with Programmable Calculators. Studies and Review 8: 1-325.

Penaz, M. & Zaki, M., 1985. Cyprinodont Fishes of lake Mariut. Egypt. Folia Zoologica 34: 373-384.

Polat, N.; Bostanci, D. & Yilmaz, S. 2001. Comparable Age Determination in Different Bony Structures of Pleuronectes flesus luscus Pallas, 1811 inhabiting the Black Sea. Turkish Journal of Zoology 19: 441-446.

Polat, N. & Gumus, A. 1995. Age Determination and Evaluation of Precision Using Five Bony Structures of the Brond-snout (Chondrostoma regium Heckel, 1843). Turkish Journal of Zoology 19: 331-336.

Polat, N.; Gumus, A. & Kandemir, S. 1999. Kababurun Balıgı Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’nda Yas Halkası Olusumu. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 959-964.

Ricker, W.E. 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of Fisheries Research & Board of Canada 191: 361-382.

Schultz, H. 1996. Drastic decline of the proportion of males in the roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) p of Bautzen Reservoir (Saxony, Germany), result of direct and indirect effects of biomanipulation. Limmologica 26(2): 153-164.

Sen, D. 1993. Keban Baraj Golunde Yasayan Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) ve Chalcalburnus mossulensis (Heckel, 1843) turlerinde en iyi yas tayini yontemlerinin belirlenmesi. Ege Universitesi Su Urunleri Dergisi 10: 11-20.

Sevik, R. 1997. Ataturk Baraji-Suriye siniri arasındaki sularda (Firat) da Yasayan Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843)’un Buyume Ozellikleri Uzerine Bir Arastırma. Akdeniz Balikcilik Kongresi, Izmir, Turkey, pp: 555-561.

Suiçmez, M.; Yilmaz, S.; Şeherli, T. 2011. Age and Growth Features of Chondrostoma regium (Heckel, 1843) from Almus Dam Lake, Turkey. J. Sci., 6(2), 82-90.

Tabatabaei, S.N.; Hashemzadeh-Segherloo, I.; Abdoli, A.; Milani, M.; Mirzaei R. 2014. Age and growth of spirlins, Alburnoides eichwaldii and A. namaki, from the Caspian, Kavir and Namak basins of Iran. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 1: 152-184.

Tesch, F.M. 1971. Age and growth. In Ricker, W.E. (Ed.). Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 98-130.

Ünlu, E. 2006. Tigris River Ichthyological Studies in Turkey. A review with regard to the Ilisu Hydroelectrcic Project. Hydro Quebec International, Archeotec Inc. Environmental Impact Assessment Report, Ilisu Environment Group, Hydro Concepts Engineering. 34 p.

Ünver, B. & Tanyolaç, J. 1999. Todurge Golundeki (Zara- Sivas) Tatlısu Kefali (Leuciscus cephalus L., 1758)’nin Buyume Ozellikleri. Turkish Journal of Zoology 23: 257-270.

Von Bertalanffy, L. 1938. A quantitative theory of organic growth (inquiries on growth laws II). Human Biology 10(2): 181-213.

Wirtz, P. & Morato, T. 2001. Unequal sex ratios in longline catches. Journal of Marine Biological Association (UK) 80: 187-188.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.