Modeling habitat requirements of riverine stone loach, Paracobitis hircanica (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) in the Zarin-Gol River, Caspian Sea basin, Iran

Mohammad GHOLIZADEH, Abdolsaeed TOOMAJ, Seied hosein HOSSIENDOST

Abstract

For sustainable exploitation and conservation of biodiversity in riverine ecosystems which have been exposed to considerable modifications by human activities, it is necessary to understand the habitat requirements of the species inhabiting these ecosystems. The Zarin-Gol River in the east of Alborz Mountains, Golestan province, is one of the environments inhabited by the native Hircanian stone loach, Paracobitis hircanica. This stream has been exposed to human activities such as rural discharges, agriculture, fish farm effluents and ecotourism. Habitat requirements of this species and the impacts of human activities were determined in 17 stations along the Zarin-Gol River. Binary Logistic Regression was implemented to develop the distribution model of P. hircanica according to habitat variables. Finally, according to the best model selected by the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC), stream surface width, depth, vegetation cover, altitude and discharge were determined as the most significant parameters for the presence of P. hircanica. Also, other suitable models according to AIC values showed that the stream surface width and depth are the most important independent variables affecting the presence of this loach. Therefore, it was concluded that most significant factors affecting the presence and distribution of P. hircanica are stream surface width, depth, substrate and flow rate.

Keywords

Presence and absence, Binary logistic regression, Akaike information criterion, Human impacts, Loaches.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aarts, G.; Fieberg, J. & Matthiopoulos. J. 2012. Comparative interpretation of count, presence-absence and point methods for species distribution models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3: 177-187.

Abdoli, A. 2000. The Inland Water Fishes of Iran. Tehran: Iranian Museum of Nature and Wildlife. 378 p.

Abdoli, A. & Rahmani, H. 2001. Food habits of two species of Gobiidae Neogobius fluviatilis, Neogobius melanostomus in the Madarsoo stream, Golestan National Park. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources 8(1): 3-15, 191.

Abdoli, A. & Naderi, M., 2009. Biodiversity of Fishes of the Southern Basin of the Caspian Sea. Abzian Scientific Publication. 242 p.

Afshin, Y., 1994. Rivers of Iran, Vol. 2, Ministry of Energy, JAMAB Eng. Consultant Co.

Ahmadi-Nedushan, B.; ST-Hilare, A.; Berube, M.; Robichaud, E.; Thiemonge, N. & Bobeea, B. 2006. A review of Statistical Methods for the Evaluation of Aquatic Habitat Suitability for the Instream Flow Assessment, River Research and Applications 22: 503-523.

Akaike, H., 1973. Information theory as an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. In: Petrov BN, Csaki F (eds.) Second international symposium on information theory. Budapest, Akaemiai Kiado, pp 267-281

Alizadeh Shabani, A. 2006. Identifying bird species as biodiversity indicators for terrestrial ecosystem management, PhD thesis, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. 173 p.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 21st edn. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

Anderson, D.R.; Burnham, K.P. & Thompson, W.L. 2000. Null hypothesis testing: problems, prevalence, and an alternative. Journal of Wildlife Management 64: 912-923.

Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. 2004. Multimodel inference: understanding AIC and BIC in model selection. Sociological Methods and Research 33: 261-304.

Burnham, K.; Anderson, D. & Huyvaert, K. 2011. AIC model selection and multimodel inference in behavioral ecology: some background, observations, and comparisons. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65: 23-35.

De Kerckhove, D.T.; Smokorowski, K.E. & Randall, R.G. 2008. A primer on fish habitat models. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2817, 71 p.

Dias, A.M. & Tejerina-Garro, F.L. 2010. Changes in the structure of fish assemblages in streams along an undisturbed-impacted gradient, upper Paraná River basin, Central Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology 8: 587-598.

Elith, J. & Leathwick, J. 2009. Species distribution models: Ecological explanation and prediction across space and time. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 40: 677-697.

Esmaeili, H.R.; Mehraban, H.; Abbasi, K.; Keivany, Y. & Coad, B.W. 2017. Review and updated checklist of freshwater fishes of Iran: Taxonomy, distribution and conservation status. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 4(1): 1-114.

Fagerland, M.; Lydersen, S. & Laake, P. 2017. Statistical Analysis of Contingency Tables. CRC Press, 634 p.

Garamszegi, L.Z. 2010. Information-theoretic approaches to statistical analysis in behavioral ecology: an introduction. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 65: 1-11.

Garcia, P.; Arevalo, V. & Lizana, M. 2010. Characterization of den sites of American mink Neovison vison in central Spain. Wildlife Biology 16: 276-282.

Gorman, O.T. & Karr, J.R. 1978. Habitat structure and stream fish communities. Ecology 59: 507-515.

Hoghoghi, M.; Eagderi, S. & Bahmen Shams-Esfandabad. 2015. Habitat use of Alburnoides namaki, in the Jajroud River (Namak Lake basin, Iran). International Journal of Aquatic Biology 3(6): 390-397

Hancock, P. 2002. Human Impacts on the Stream–Groundwater Exchange Zone. Environmental Management 29: 763.

Hermoso, V.; Filipe, A.F.; Segurado, P. & Beja, P. 2015. Effectiveness of a large reserve network in protecting freshwater biodiversity: a test for the Iberian Peninsula. Freshwater Biology 60(4): 698-710.

Holcik, J. & Razavi, B.A. 1992. On some new or little known freshwater fishes from the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea. Folia Zoologica, Prague 41(3): 271-280.

Hosmer, D.W. & Lemeshow, S. 1980. A goodness-of-fit test for the multiple logistic regression model. Communications in Statistics A10: 1043-1069.

Infante, D.M.; Wiley, M.J. & Seelbach, P.W. 2006. Relationships among channel shape, catchment characteristics, and fish in Lower Michigan streams. pp: 339–358 In: R.M. Hughes, L. Wang, & P. W. Seelbach, editors. Influences of landscapes on stream habitats and biological assemblages. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 48, Bethesda, Maryland.

Jin-rong, D.; Hong-yan, Z.; Dong-po, X.; Kai, L.; Min-ying, Z. & Pao, X. 2014. Temporal and spatial analysis of fish diversity and community structure in Lihu Lake, China. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research 2(3): 291- 298.

Johnson, J.A. & Arunachalam, M. 2009. Diversity, distribution and assemblage structure of fishes in streams of southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(10): 507-513.

Kiabi, B.H.; Ghaemi, R. & Abdoli, A. 1999. Wetland and riverain ecosystems of Golestan province. Department of the Environment, Golestan Provincial Office of Department of the Environment, Gorgan. 182 pp.

Li, X.; Li, Y.R.; Chu, L.; Zhu, R.; Wang, L.Z. & Yan, Y.Z. 2016. Influences of local habitat, tributary position, and dam characteristics on fish assemblages within impoundments of low-head dams in the tributaries in the Qingyi River, China. Zoology Research 37: 67–74.

MacArthur, R.H. & Wilson, E.O. 1967. The theory of island Biogeography. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 203 p.

Maloney, K.; Weller, D.; Michaelson, D. & Ciccotto, P. 2013. Species distribution models of freshwater stream fishes in Maryland and their implications for management. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 18: 1-12.

Ministry of Energy. 1991. The first stage of the limited supply of artificial river Grmabdsht Golden Flower, hydrology studies. 68 p.

Mousavi-Sabet, H.; Sayyadzadeh, G.; Esmaeili, H.R.; Eagderi, S.; Patimar, R. & Freyhof, J. 2015. Paracobitis hircanica, a new crested loach from the southern Caspian Sea basin (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 25(4): 339-346.

Moyle, P.B.; Lund, J.R.; Bennett, W.A. & Fleenor, W.E. 2010. Habitat variability and complexity in the upper San Francisco Estuary. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 8(3): 1-24.

Olson, J. R. 2012. The Influence of Geology and Other Environmental Factors on Stream Water Chemistry and Benthic Invertebrate Assemblages. All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 1327 p.

Palialexis, A.; Georgakarakos, S.; Karakassia, L.; Lika, K. & Valavanis, V.D. 2011. Prediction of marine species distribution from presence–absence acoustic data: comparing the fitting efficiency and the predictive capacity of conventional and novel distribution models. Hydrobiologia 670: 241-266.

Patimar, R.; Adineh, H. & Mahdavi, M.J. 2009. Life history of the Western Crested Loach Paracobitis malapterura in the Zarrin-Gol River, East of the Elburz Mountains (Northern Iran). Biologia 64(2): 350-355.

Porter, M. S.; Rosenfeld, J. & Parkinson, E.A. 1999. Predictive models of fish species distribution in the Blackwater Drainage, British Columbia. Proceeding of a conference on Biology and Management of Species and Habitats at Risk, Kamloops, British Colombia. 520 p.

Roa-Fuentes, A. & Casatti, L. 2017. Influence of environmental features at multiple scales and spatial structure on stream fish communities in a tropical agricultural region, Journal of Freshwater Ecology 32(1): 273-287.

Rosenfeld, J., 2003. Assessing the habitat requirement of stream fishes: An overview and evaluation of different approaches. Transaction of the American Fisheries Society 132: 953-968.

Tabatabaei, S.N.; Hashemzadeh Segherloo, I.; Eagderi, S. & Zamani Faradonbeh, M. 2015. Habitat use of two nemacheilid fish species, Oxynoemacheilus bergianus and Paracobitis sp. in the Kordan River, Iran. Hydrobiologia 762(1): 183-193.

Tejerina-Garro, F.L.; Maldonado, M.; Ibañez, C.; Pont, D.; Roset, N. & Oberdorff, T.2005. Effects of natural and anthropogenic environmental changes on riverine fish assemblages: a framework for ecological assessment of rivers. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 48(1): 91-108.

Vossughi, C. & Mostajeer, B. 1994. Freshwater Fishes. Second Edition. Tehran University Publication No. 2132: 317 p.

Wang, L.; Lyons, J.; Rasmussen, P.; Seelbach, P.; Simon, T.; Wiley, M.; Kanehl, P.; Baker, E.; Niemela, S. & Stewart, P.M. 2003.Watershed, reach, and riparian influences on stream fish assemblages in the Northern Lakes and Forest Ecoregion, U.S.A. Canadian Journal of Fish and Aquatic Sciences 60(5): 491-505.

Zalewski, M.; Frankiewicz, P.; Przybylski, M.; Banbura, J. & Nowak, M. 1990. Structure and dynamics of fish communities in temperate rivers in relation to the abiotic-biotic regulatory continuum concept. Polish Archives of Hydrobiology 37: 151-76.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.